Depending on the results of such negotiations, Ukraine may become a confederation. This was the scenario put forward by representatives of the Donbass militias at the September 1 consultations in Minsk. They propose that the self-proclaimed republics be given a special status, with their own armed forces and judicial system, as well as special foreign trade rights – including the right to join the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. In this case, there would be domestic customs borders between various parts of Ukraine. In return, the leadership of Donetsk and Lugansk promises to “make every effort to support peace and maintain a single economic, cultural and political space in Ukraine.”
At the same time, Moscow is strongly opposed to the collapse of Ukraine. Indicative of this is Vladimir Putin’s address to the leadership of Donetsk and Lugansk, requesting them to maintain the formal territorial integrity of Ukraine.
According to Sergei Markedonov, an associate professor at the Russian State University for the Humanities, to Russia it does not matter how the peace agreement between Kiev and the unrecognized republics of Donetsk and Lugansk is formalized.